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?Who is the T80 tank




Brief

The T-80 is a battle tank resulting from a development of the T-64 , on which for the first time in the USSR was adopted a turboshaft propulsion . The T-80 was developed in the late 1970s , and began to be deployed massively from 1978 .

Produced alongside the more rustic T-72 , it incorporated, like its predecessor, the latest developments in armor and armament from Soviet industry, and was assigned to elite units of the Soviet Army .

After the breakup of the USSR , its development was continued only in Ukraine — through a diesel version, the T-84 — on whose territory the original factory of the tank was located, in Kharkiv . Russia , preferring to equip itself with a modernized version of the T -72 , the T-90 , cheaper to produce and maintain, the design of which was carried out in the Urals . Nevertheless, at the end of the 2010s, Russia undertook a modernization of its T-80Bs to the T-80BVM 1 standard .

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informations


T-80U
Illustrative image of article T-80
T-80B during the Victory Day Parade in 2005
Production
Production5404 copies, all versions combined
Main Features
Crew3 (commander, driver and gunner)
Length7.01m
Lenght3.60m
Height2.20m
Mace in battleT-80  : 42 tons

T-80B  : 42.5 tons

T-80U  : 46 tons
Shielding (thickness/inclination)
KindComposite and reactive
Armament
Main armament125mm gun 2A46M-1

T-80B (36 shells)
T-80U and T-80UD (45 shells)

Secondary armamentCoaxial 7.62 mm PKT machine gun (1250 rounds) NSVT
12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun (500 rounds)
Mobility
EngineT-80  : GTD-1000T
1,000 hp (736 kW) turboshaft engine

T-80B  : GTD-1000TF
1,100 hp (820 kW) turboshaft
T-80U  : GTD-1250
1,250 hp (919.4 kW) turboshaft

T-80UD
: 6TD-1 1,000 hp (736 kW)  opposed-piston diesel engine
TransmissionT-80B 5-speed manual (4 on T-80U )
SuspensionTorsion bars
Road speed70 km/h on road
48 km/h off- road
Power to weightT-80B & T-80UD  : 25.9 hp/tonne
T-80U  : 27.2 hp/tonne
Autonomy335 km (660 with drop tanks)

Operators

Current operators:
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus  : 45: 27 T-80U and 18 T-80 UK
Flag of South Korea South Korea  : 43 T-80U and 67 BMP-3 delivered between 1995 and 2006 in exchange for the cancellation of Russian debts to this country. In service with two battalions of the 3rd Brigade of the Republic of Korea Army
Flag of North Korea North Korea  : A few copies acquired in the early 1990s
Flag of Egypt Egypt 14 T80UK + 20 T80U
flag of pakistan Pakistan  : 320 T-80OuD delivered by Ukraine between 1997 and 1999
Flag of Russia Russia  : 550 in active service and 3,000 in storage as of 2016
Flag of Yemen Yemen  : 31 from Russia in 2000. 66 from Belarus

Additional information

In battle

Their combat performance during the First Chechen War , with poorly trained crews and a strategy incompatible with urban warfare , was very poor. Out of a total of 225 armored vehicles, 62 T-80s and T-72s were destroyed during the first month of the conflict 2 .

Lieutenant -General A. Galkin, head of the Armored Directorate, convinced the Russian Minister of Defense after this conflict never to order tanks with gas turbine engines again 

Popular culture

The T-80 appears in the video game Act of War: Direct Action
The T-80 appears in the video game Armored Warfare in three different versions
The T-80 also appears in the War Thunder video game as T-80B (1.81 update), T-80U (1.87 update) and T-80BVM (2.7 update).
The T-80 appears in the video games Wargame: European Escalation , Wargame: Airland Battle and Wargame: Red Dragon , a real-time tactics game set during the Cold War.

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