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Who is the t64 tank?




Brief

The T-64 is a Soviet medium tank that entered service in the mid -1960s . Designed by Morozov's design bureau in Kharkiv ( then located in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic ), the T-64 was considered revolutionary at the time and caused a technological break with the line of medium tanks T-54 , T -55 and T-62 of the previous generation, less sophisticated. All the later Soviet tanks (T-72 and T-80 ) were inspired by the T-64 but paradoxically, its complexity was also a failure, because it made it necessary to put theT-72 , cheaper and easier to mass-produce. 

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T-64
Illustrative image of article T-64
T-64BV of the Ukrainian army in 2017 at the exercise.
Service characteristics
Service1967-
UsersFlag of the USSR Soviet Union Ukraine Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Democratic Republic of the Congo Russia
Flag of Ukraine
Flag of Kazakhstan
Flag of Uzbekistan
flag of the democratic republic of the congo
Flag of Russia
ConflictsDniester
War Donbass War
Kamwina Nsapu Rebellion 2022 Russian
Invasion of Ukraine
Production
DesignerMorozov design bureau
Year of conception1951-1962
BuilderMalyshev factory in Kharkiv
Production1963-1987
Units produced~13,000
Main Features
Crew(driver, gunner, tank commander)
Length6.54 m (9.225 m with gun)
Lenght3.41m _
Height2.17m _
Mace in battle36-42.4  (depending on model)
Shielding (thickness/inclination)
Kindcomposite
Armament
Main armamentT-64: a 115  mm 2A21 gun
T-64A: a 125  mm D81 gun
T-64 bulat: a 125  mm KVA3 gun
Secondary armament1x coaxial 7.62mm  PKT machine gun
1x 12.7mm NVS machine  gun
Mobility
Engine5TDF
Powerful700  hp
800  hp Ukrainian version
Suspensiontorsion bar
Road speed60.5  km/h
Power to weight16.5-19.9  hp/t (depending on model)
Tank1270ℓ
Autonomy500km  _

Operators

Current operators

Russia
 Ukraine
 Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
 congo

Additional information

Active and reactive protection

From 1979, the T-64 received twelve Tucha-1 smoke grenade launchers placed at the front of the turret. These could launch their grenades between 200 and 350  m , allowing to create in a few seconds a smoke screen behind which the tank could hide 32 .

Although the Soviets began to study reactive armor as early as the late 1940s, it was not until the early 1980s that they derived operational protection from it. The Kontakt-1 system, adopted in 1985, consists of adding metal boxes to the tank containing a sheet of plastic , on which there is a metal plate: when a shaped charge reaches the box, the explosive is triggered , projecting the plate through the plasma jet, which is disturbed and thus loses most of its penetrating power 16 . On the Ukrainian T-64U, released in 2005, the Kontakt-1 system was replaced by the Kontakt-5 19 .


Modernizations

T-64
upgrade to T-64R standard between 1977 and 1981 , reorganization of external 
equipment in imitation of the T-64A.

T-64A/AK
1972 redesign , improved fire control (TPD-2-49 and TPN-1-49-23), appearance of the NSVT machine gun on an electric turret, R-123M radio.
1975 refit , new 2E28M stabilizer, 6AZ10M magazine, flex-fuel engine, 2A46-1 gun and TNPA-65 night sight.
1981 redesign, two batteries of six 902A smoke grenade launchers, rubber skirts on the suspension in place of Gill protections.

T-64AM , T-64AKM , some examples of all series re-engined with 6TDF engine during maintenance operations.

T-64B/B1/BK/B1K
redesign of 1981, 2 groups of 4 smoke grenade launchers 902B, cannon
 2A46M1.

T-64BM , T-64B1M , T-64BMK and T-64B1MK , some examples of all series re-engined with 6TDF engine during maintenance operations.

T-64BV , T-64B1V , T-64BVK and T-64B1VK Kontakt reactive armor, smoke grenade launcher on the left of the turret.

T-64MV , version created by Uzbekistan in service as of 2020, re-engining with an 840 hp V-84 fitted to the T-72s, addition of explosive reactive armor on the turret and glacis, as well as a set of cage armor on the sides, Hytera digital radio system of Chinese origin 39 , 40 

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