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Who is the Russian armored vehicle BMPT Terminator



Who is the Russian armored vehicle BMPT Terminator


 


Brief

The BMPT "Terminator" (Боевая машина поддержки танков - Tank Support Fighting Vehicle)[3] is an armored fighting vehicle (AFV), designed and manufactured by the Russian company Uralvagonzavod. This vehicle was designed for supporting tanks and other AFVs in urban areas. The BMPT is unofficially named the "Terminator" by the manufacturers. It is heavily armed and armored to survive in urban combat. The AFV is armed with four 9M120 Ataka missile launchers, two 30 mm 2A42 autocannons, two AG-17D grenade launchers, and one coaxial 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun.

The BMPT is built on the chassis of the widely-used T-72 main battle tank. The BMPT was designed based on combat experience gained during the Soviet–Afghan War and the First Chechen War. Multiple prototypes of a tank support combat vehicle were created prior to the design of the current BMPT. The Object 199 "Ramka" was the prototype later to be designated the modern BMPT with the official producer being Uralvagonzavod. By late 2013, the only operator of the BMPT was Kazakhstan.

A small number were delivered to the Russian Ground Forces for evaluation beginning in 2005. The Russian Defence Ministry finally ordered the BMPT in August 2017.[citation needed] Deliveries of more than 10 vehicles were begun in early 2018. On December 1, 2021, the first in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation BMPT company of nine combat vehicles was introduced into one of the tank regiments of the tank division of the Central Military District.[4] The version, unofficially dubbed the "Terminator-3," incorporates the chassis, hulls, and components of the T-14 Armata tank.[5]

Examples of an "upgraded" version of the BMPT-72 were reported on 18 May 2022 to be in use by the Russian military in the Battle of Sievierodonetsk (2022) in Ukraine.[6][7]

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BMPT Terminator
Tank support combat vehicle "Terminator".jpg
Bmpt REA 2009.jpg
Army2016-197.jpg
(top) Tank support combat vehicle "Terminator-2" during the "Armiya 2020" exhibition
(middle) BMPT Terminator at the 2009 Russian Expo Arms
(bottom) BMPT-72 Terminator 2 at the 2016 'Army-2016'
TypeTank support combat vehicle
Missile tank
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2011–present
Used byRussian FederationKazakhstanAlgeria
WarsSyrian Civil War[1]
War in Iraq (2013–2017)[1]
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Battle of Sievierodonetsk (2022)[2]
Production history
DesignerUral Transport Engineering Design Bureau
Designed1998–2002
ManufacturerUralvagonzavod
Produced2002–present
No. built300+
VariantsBMPT-72
Specifications (BMPT)
Mass48 t (53 short tons; 47 long tons)
Length7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
Width3.37 m (11 ft 1 in)[a]
3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)[b]
Height1.94 m (6 ft 4 in)[c]
3.44 m (11 ft 3 in)
Crew5

ArmorCombination of composite armorreactive armor and steel
Main
armament
4× 130 mm Ataka-T GWS launchers
2× 30 mm 2A42 autocannons (850 rounds)
Secondary
armament
2× 30 mm AG-17D or 2x AGS-30 grenade launchers (600 rounds)
1× 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun (2,000 rounds)
EngineV-92S2 diesel engine
1,000 hp (736 kW)
Power/weight20.4 hp/tonne (15.0 kW/tonne)
SuspensionTorsion bar
Ground clearance406 mm (16.0 in)
Fuel capacity1,200 L (320 US gal)
Operational
range
≥550  km (340  mi )
Maximum speed≥60 km/h (37 mph)

Operators

Current operators:
 Algeria
People's National Army (Algeria) – In April 2016, Russia and Algeria concluded an agreement for the delivery of 300 Russian "Terminators". Deliveries were scheduled to begin in the first quarter of 2018 and completed as of the end of August 2021

 Kazakhstan
Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 10 BMPT units were ordered in 2010 and delivered by Russia from 2011 to 2013.[33] In 2012, an additional 30 BMPTs were selected but may have not yet been ordered by late 2013.[33] As of early 2014, in addition to the purchase of the vehicles, licensed assembly will be implemented with a number of techniques from kits supplied by Russia. This dual production between UralVagonZavod and Kazakhstan was scheduled to open by 2015

 Russia
Russian Ground Forces – The first contract was signed in 2017.[36] Deliveries started in March 2018.[37] Entered service in April 2018.[38] It took part in the large-scale Russian-Belarussian exercise 

Additional information

Design history
The history of the BMPT's development can be traced back to the Soviet–Afghan War. Combat experience during the lengthy war revealed that infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) like the BMP-1 and BMP-2 cannot fully cope with infantry despite the latter having a high gun elevation. Although main battle tanks (MBTs) possessed a high amount of firepower, the limited elevation and depression of the main gun made them easy targets in mountainous and urban terrain. In the 1980s, the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant began designing prototypes for the new concept, early prototypes being Object 781, Object 782 and Object 787. It was evident that a new vehicle concept was needed. The main requirements for this new machine was that it possessed large firepower, a high angle of gun fire, and the protection equivalent to that of an MBT. An additional requirement that was meant to supplement the latter was enhanced protection from close range hand-held RPGs.[8]

The need for a vehicle with all these requirements became even more evident during the First Chechen War. When using conventional armor during urban engagements, Russian forces suffered heavy losses in manpower and equipment, including the destruction of an entire mechanized brigade during the first battle of Grozny. While these losses cannot be entirely blamed on technology, it became clear that a dedicated anti-personnel fighting vehicle would provide valuable assistance in an urban environment. Self-propelled anti-aircraft (AA) guns were pressed for a temporary solution in Chechnya. However, these vehicles weren't well-armored and didn't possess the same obstacle-clearing capability of an MBT.[9]

There have been several different prototype designs of a tank support fighting vehicle. For instance, the Object 193A and the Object 745. A mock-up of the Object 199 was shown for the first time in public during the summer of 2000. This vehicle was slightly different from the current design, being armed with only a single 2A42 30 mm gun and with four 9M133 Kornet missiles located on one side of the turret. The production model of the BMPT was introduced in 2002 which featured the twin 30 mm autocannons, the two independent 30 mm automatic grenade launchers, and the four Ataka missile launchers.[8]

Protection
The Terminator possesses a System 902A automatic smoke grenade launcher on both sides of the turret which serves as camouflage and provides protection against infrared weapons.[11] Special attention was paid to the survivability of the BMPT and its crew. Certain measures were taken to ensure this like placing the fuel tanks in a sealed housing compartment and fastening the seats towards the roof in case of a mine penetration.[11] There are additional fuel tanks located in the rear of the hull in an armored compartment on the left fender. The vehicle is equipped with an automatic fire fighting system to fight any fires that will ignite within the vehicle.

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