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Who is the t72B tank?




Brief

The T-72 is a battle tank originally designed as a simplified version of the T-64 , cheaper while being more reliable and intended to massively equip the armies of the Warsaw Pact . Over twenty thousand T-72s rolled off the various production lines in the Commonwealth of Independent States , Central Europe, the Middle East and India. Later versions also carried the designation of T-90 .

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informations

T-72
Image illustrative de l’article T-72
Bulgarian T-72M2 during a parade in 2007.
Service characteristics
ServiceAugust 7, 1973
Users42 pays
Production
DesignerKartsev-Venediktov design bureau
Year of conception1967-1973
BuilderUralvagonzavod
Productionmore than 25,000 copies produced between 1973 and 1990

operators

Unlike the T-64 and T-80 , it was widely exported and manufactured under licence , long before the collapse of the USSR . The T-72s would be in service in many countries:
Flag of Algeria Algeria - 250 T72M1M and 250+ T72AG;
Flag of Angola Angola - 50 copies;
Flag of Armenia Armenia - 102 copies;
flag of azerbaijan Azerbaijan - 175 copies;
Flag of Belarus Belarus - 1,225 copies;
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria - 160 copies;
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo - 20 examples, purchased in 2010 from Ukraine;
Flag of Croatia Croatia - 30 copies;
Flag of Finland Finland - 162 copies;
Flag of Georgia Georgia - 142 copies;
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh - 316 copies, mostly captured from Azeris during the Nagorno-Karabakh War  ;
Flag of Hungary Hungary - 238 copies;
flag of india India - 1,100 copies;
flag of iran Iran - 440 copies;
Flag of Iraq Iraq - 100 copies;
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan - 300 copies;
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait - 157 copies (Yugoslav version M-84);
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan - 210 copies;
Flag of Libya Libya - 260 copies;
Flag of Macedonia Macedonia - 31 copies;
Flag of Morocco Maroc5 - 148 T-72 B/BV ;
flag of mongolia Mongolia - 80 copies;
Flag of Poland Poland - 772 copies;
Flag of Czechia Czech Republic - 278 copies;
Flag of Romania Romania - 30 copies;
Flag of Russia Russia - 9,000 copies (1500 T-72B/BA in service, 7500 T-72/A/BA in reserve);
Flag of Serbia Serbia - 304 copies;
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone - 2 copies;
Flag of South Sudan South Sudan - 33 copies (minimum number) 6 .
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia - 272 copies;
Flag of Syria Syria - 1,500 copies;
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan - 40 copies;
Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan - 570 copies;
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine - 1,200 copies;
Flag of Yemen Yemen - 39 copies.

additional information

Autoload
The turret backplane houses an AZ-172 electromechanical carousel with a capacity of 22 rounds. Each 125 mm ammunition is stored in two bundles (projectile and propellant charge) in a removable cassette.
The T-72B has an improved version called AZ-184, capable of clockwise or counter-clockwise rotation. In order to be able to use anti-tank missiles, its cassettes are modified with latches to prevent the missile's fins from deploying when loaded.

Box of Mechanisms
The T-72 takes over the two side gearboxes used on the T-64. They drive the tracks and steer the tank. Each of the gearboxes has seven forward gears and one reverse gear, shifting is done manually using a clutch and gear lever . Two levers ensure the direction of the tank.


Undercarriage 
The suspension , taken from the Objet 167, a neglected competitor of the T-64, comprises six die-cast aluminum rollers with a diameter of 750  mm and three carrier rollers, a sprocket at the rear and a tensioner pulley at the front. The vertical travel of the suspension arms varies according to the torsion bar, it is between 358  mm to 370  mm . The first, second and sixth rollers each have a hydraulic rotary damper .

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